Nowadays, the cosmetic medicine the deepest and most persistent wrinkles. Botox, hyaluronic acid, laser … the new processes are not lacking. But we need to measure their advantages and disadvantages.
In this article we will talk about the 3 most used methods.
What is “Botox”?
What we all commonly call botox is actually called botulinum toxin. It is a toxin made by a bacteria, Clostridium botulinum.
This toxin has the main action of blocking the nerve impulse between a neuron that sends contraction information and the muscle fiber that receives this information and must normally respond by contracting.
Who are Botox treatments for?
Botulinum toxin treatment is an interesting alternative to generally complicated cosmetic surgeries such as:
- The facelift.
- Permanent filling injections.
- Transient filler injections: collagen, fat, hyaluronic acid.
- The pulsed CO2 laser for fine lines around the eyes.
Unlike these surgeries, botox only has minor side effects, without risk of sequelae, which can be of the order of a tingling sensation or superficial swelling. In addition, the clinical result of a botox injection shows 48 hours after the procedure and lasts between 4 to 6 months.
What parts of the face can be treated with botox?
Botox is mainly effective on expression wrinkles, that is, wrinkles that are caused by regular muscle contraction. Indeed, the muscles of the face are used very frequently, which leads to the creation of wrinkles such as:
- The “11” wrinkles between the eyebrows.
- The crow’s feet wrinkles in the outer corner of the eyes.
- Wrinkles of the forehead.
- The laugh lines around the mouth.
If botox injections are mostly done on the upper third of the face, some wrinkles in the chin, neck, around the mouth can also be vanished.
What are the results ?
It is necessary to wait two o three days before seeing an improvement. According to the US clinical study 82.5% of patients saw a clear change one week after the injection. The wrinkles are visibly reduced, the skin of the forehead is smooth and relaxed.
The look is more youthful. During the first two months, botulinum toxin remains very effective: 39% of patients still see an improvement on the 120th day. But the effect disappears after three to four months. A new injection can then be done.
What are the risks?
For now and with a decline of 10 years, the only known risks are always not permanent. They are mostly related to a bad technique of injection. If the doctor injects badly, he can paralyze the muscles of the eyelid, which results in a drooping eyelid for several weeks or cause a temporary cross eyes if he touched the major muscles of the eyes.
To avoid all of this, you should contact a specialized and experienced doctor. Headaches, facial pain, redness may also appear. These side effects affect less than a quarter of patients and are usually of bearbal.
Hyaluronic acid injections
For women who want to fight the signs of aging, without pain, hyaluronic acid is the star solution. It fills the wrinkles without side effects (or almost) and its results are less than a cosmetic surgery. It is ideal for filling fine and deep wrinkles.
What is hyaluronic acid?
Hyaluronic acid is naturally present in our body. It helps maintain a good level of hydration of our skin by retaining the water and keeping it in the deep layers. HA is a molecule that acts in some ways like a sponge.
The principle of an injection of hyaluronic acid
No need for anesthesia or skin incision. The hyaluronic acid-based treatment against wrinkles involves gel injections. Once injected into the skin, the gel retains the water and mixes with the hyaluronic acid of the dermis. The volumizing effect gives the skin its plump appearance, the wrinkle disapears.
What are the treated areas?
Hyaluronic acid is mainly used for the lower face with two targets of choice: on both sides of the nose to the corners of the lips and sides of the mouth to the chin. You can also use hyaluronic acid treatment for cheeks, cheekbones, forehead or for crow’s feet. The lips are more and more often reshaped with HA.
Contraindications to hyaluronic acid
Although hyaluronic acid remains the safest injectable product in the market for wrinkles, inflammatory effects may occur. This allergic risk has been reported, but it is extremely low (1 case of hypersensitivity reaction in 2000 has been reported).
On the other hand, the absorption aspect of hyaluronic acid proves to be an advantage because when an mistake takes place, it is generally non permanenet. However, if a reaction persists more than one week after an injection, you should consult your doctor.
What is Peeling?
Peeling is a facial treatment that consists of stimulating the epidermis and the dermis by applying, with a brush, a substance that dissolves keratin, the main protein of the most superficial layer. of the epidermis (do you still follow?).
This application aims to activate the detachment of dead cells, but not only. It will also enable the production of cells, collagen and elastin.
What’s the point of peeling?
The peel is often used to give back to the face all its youth and to minimise some skin issues such as:
- The rosacea : it is caused by small vessels dilated at the level of the cheeks and the nose.
- Erythroses : are diffuse redness of the face, occurring first by relapses at the change of temperature or after meals. They become permanent after a few years of evolution.
- Erythosis coli are persistent ugly rashes on the lateral sides of the neck.
- The ruby ??spots are multiple red spots scattered on the trunk.
- Plain angiomas are commonly referred to as “wine stains.” These lesions need to be treated very early in infancy, but excellent results are also obtained in adults.
Contraindications of peeling?
avoid if you are pregnant or breastfeeding. You can not do either if you have chronic dermatosis, active dermatitis, insulin-dependent diabetes, active herpes, or hypersensitivity or allergy to the product used.
Side effects of peeling ?
The most common are redness and peeling of the skin.
Other anti-wrinkle techniques
- Surgical treatment.
- Facelift by acupuncture.
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